The Dominican Republic is located in La Hispaniola island. Hispaniola is the second largest island of the insular Caribbean. The island is separated from Cuba at a minimum distance of 60 km; of Puerto Rico about 90 km; Jamaica about 150 km, and separated by a border of 360 km length of Haiti.
Located in the middle of the Caribbean Sea, close to the main consumer in the world (United States), and access to all the trade routes of the international market.
- Geography: 48,670 square kilometers
- Time zone: 4 hours behind GMT
- Population: 10, 219,630 (July 2013 est.)
- Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall:
- Driest Month – March: 19 mm average rainfall
- Wettest month – June: 185 mm average rainfall
Language: Spanish (official)
Education: 2.2% of GDP (2007)
- Labor force: 4.806 million (2012 est.)
- Unemployment rate: 14.3% (2012 est.)
- Currency: Dominican peso
- Economy: The Dominican Republic has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, but in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economy’s largest employer, due to growth in telecommunications, tourism, and free trade zones. The growth of economy rebounded from the global recession in 2010-12 and remains one of the fastest growing in the region although its fiscal situation is weak; the fiscal deficit climbed from 2.6% in 2011 to approximately 8% in 2012.
General environment of social peace, is one of the most stable democracies in Latin America and the Caribbean.
- Government type: democratic republic
- Administrative divisions: 31 provinces
- Executive: President Danilo Medina Sánchez (since 16 August 2012); Vice President Margarita Cedeño de Fernández (since 16 August 2012)
- Legislative: bicameral National Congress consists of the Senate (32 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives (183 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
- Judicial: Supreme Court of Justice (consists of a minimum of 16 magistrates); Constitutional Court (consists of 13 judges)
350 square kilometers
- Production: 13.09 billion kWh (2011 est.)
- Consumption: 13.11 billion kWh (2010 est.)
- Airports: 36 (2013)
- Heliports: 1 (2013)
- Roadways: 19,705 km
- Pipelines: gas 27 km; oil 103 km (2013)
- Railways: 142 km
Direct local and distance dialing, advanced communications systems for business, Internet, broadband (DSL), wireless connectivity.
- Main lines in use: 1.065 million (2012)
- Mobile cellular: 9.038 million (2012)
- Country code: 1-809